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From: Michael McNally (mcnallyisc.org)
Date: Tue Jan 06 2015 - 21:09:29 CST
Release Notes for BIND Version 9.10.2b1
This document summarizes changes since the last production release of
BIND on the corresponding major release branch.
The latest versions of BIND 9 software can always be found at
http://www.isc.org/downloads/. There you will find additional
information about each release, source code, and pre-compiled versions
for Microsoft Windows operating systems.
* A flaw in delegation handling could be exploited to put named into
an infinite loop, in which each lookup of a name server triggered
additional lookups of more name servers. This has been addressed by
placing limits on the number of levels of recursion named will
allow (default 7), and on the number of queries that it will send
before terminating a recursive query (default 50).
The recursion depth limit is configured via the max-recursion-depth
option, and the query limit via the max-recursion-queries option.
The flaw was discovered by Florian Maury of ANSSI, and is disclosed
in CVE-2014-8500. [RT #37580]
* Two separate problems were identified in BIND's GeoIP code that
could lead to an assertion failure. One was triggered by use of
both IPv4 and IPv6 address families, the other by referencing a
GeoIP database in named.conf which was not installed. Both are
covered by CVE-2014-8680. [RT #37672] [RT #37679]
A less serious security flaw was also found in GeoIP: changes to
the geoip-directory option in named.conf were ignored when running
rndc reconfig. In theory, this could allow named to allow access to
* ACLs containing geoip asnum elements were not correctly matched
unless the full organization name was specified in the ACL (as in
geoip asnum "AS1234 Example, Inc.";). They can now match against
the AS number alone (as in geoip asnum "AS1234";).
* When using native PKCS#11 cryptography (i.e., configure
--enable-native-pkcs11) HSM PINs of up to 256 characters can now be
* NXDOMAIN responses to queries of type DS are now cached separately
from those for other types. This helps when using "grafted" zones
of type forward, for which the parent zone does not contain a
delegation, such as local top-level domains. Previously a query of
type DS for such a zone could cause the zone apex to be cached as
NXDOMAIN, blocking all subsequent queries. (Note: This change is
only helpful when DNSSEC validation is not enabled. "Grafted" zones
without a delegation in the parent are not a recommended
* NOTIFY messages that are sent because a zone has been updated are
now given priority above NOTIFY messages that were scheduled when
the server started up. This should mitigate delays in zone
propagation when servers are restarted frequently.
* Errors reported when running rndc addzone (e.g., when a zone file
cannot be loaded) have been clarified to make it easier to diagnose
* Added support for OPENPGPKEY type.
* When encountering an authoritative name server whose name is an
alias pointing to another name, the resolver treats this as an
error and skips to the next server. Previously this happened
silently; now the error will be logged to the newly-created "cname"
* If named is not configured to validate the answer then allow
fallback to plain DNS on timeout even when we know the server
supports EDNS. This will allow the server to potentially resolve
signed queries when TCP is being blocked.
* dig, host and nslookup aborted when encountering a name which,
after appending search list elements, exceeded 255 bytes. Such
names are now skipped, but processing of other names will continue.
* The error message generated when named-checkzone or named-checkconf
-z encounters a $TTL directive without a value has been clarified.
* Semicolon characters (;) included in TXT records were incorrectly
escaped with a backslash when the record was displayed as text.
This is actually only necessary when there are no quotation marks.
* When files opened for writing by named, such as zone journal files,
were referenced more than once in named.conf, it could lead to file
corruption as multiple threads wrote to the same file. This is now
detected when loading named.conf and reported as an error. [RT
* dnssec-keygen -S failed to generate successor keys for some
algorithm types (including ECDSA and GOST) due to a difference in
the content of private key files. This has been corrected. [RT
* UPDATE messages that arrived too soon after an rndc thaw could be
lost. [RT #37233]
* Forwarding of UPDATE messages did not work when they were signed
with SIG(0); they resulted in a BADSIG response code. [RT #37216]
* When checking for updates to trust anchors listed in managed-keys,
named now revalidates keys based on the current set of active trust
anchors, without relying on any cached record of previous
validation. [RT #37506]
* Large-system tuning (configure --with-tuning=large) caused problems
on some platforms by setting a socket receive buffer size that was
too large. This is now detected and corrected at run time. [RT
* When NXDOMAIN redirection is in use, queries for a name that is
present in the redirection zone but a type that is not present will
now return NOERROR instead of NXDOMAIN.
* When a zone contained a delegation to an IPv6 name server but not
an IPv4 name server, it was possible for a memory reference to be
left un-freed. This caused an assertion failure on server shutdown,
but was otherwise harmless. [RT #37796]
* Due to an inadvertent removal of code in the previous release, when
named encountered an authoritative name server which dropped all
EDNS queries, it did not always try plain DNS. This has been
corrected. [RT #37965]
* A regression caused nsupdate to use the default recursive servers
rather than the SOA MNAME server when sending the UPDATE.
* Adjusted max-recursion-queries to accommodate the smaller initial
packet sizes used in BIND 9.10 and higher when contacting
authoritative servers for the first time.
End of Life
The end of life for BIND 9.10 is yet to be determined but will not be
before BIND 9.12.0 has been released for 6 months.
Thank you to everyone who assisted us in making this release possible.
If you would like to contribute to ISC to assist us in continuing to
make quality open source software, please visit our donations page at
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