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Bugtraq archives for 4th quarter (Oct-Dec) 1997: FreeBSD Security Advisory: FreeBSD-SA-97:06.f00f

FreeBSD Security Advisory: FreeBSD-SA-97:06.f00f

Aleph One (aleph1DFW.NET)
Tue, 9 Dec 1997 15:21:49 -0600

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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-97:06                                            Security Advisory
                                                                FreeBSD, Inc.

Topic:          Pentium processors have flaw allowing unpriviledged crashes

Category:       core
Module:         kern
Announced:      1997-12-09
Affects:        FreeBSD 2.1.*, FreeBSD 2.2.*,
                FreeBSD-stable and FreeBSD-current
Corrected:      FreeBSD-current as of 1997-12-04
                FreeBSD-stable as of 1997-12-04
FreeBSD only:   no

Patches:        ftp://freebsd.org/pub/CERT/patches/SA-97:06/

=============================================================================

I.   Background

     Intel processors have instruction combiniations that, when
     executed, produce illegal instruction traps.  This is a normal
     part of every cpu manufactured and is how new instructions are
     generally emulated on older hardware.

II.  Problem Description

     A specific sequence of instructions, starting with the byte codes
     F0 0F (hex) cause Pentium processors to lock up.  This lockup
     wedges the entire system, requiring a hard reset to correct.
     Systems that allow users to run arbitrary code are vulnerable to
     this attack.

III. Impact

     An unpriviledged user can crash your system.

IV.  Workaround

     None is available.

V.   Solution

     The following patch corrects the problem for FreeBSD-current
     systems before 1997-12-04, for FreeBSD 2.2-stable before
     1997-12-04 and for FreeBSD 2.2.5.

     We urge users of FreeBSD 2.1.* to upgrade to the more stable and
     more powerfull FreeBSD 2.2.5 release.


     Index: identcpu.c
     ===================================================================
     RCS file: /home/cvsup/freebsd/CVS/src/sys/i386/i386/identcpu.c,v
     retrieving revision 1.33
     retrieving revision 1.35
     diff -u -r1.33 -r1.35
     --- identcpu.c     1997/11/07 08:52:27     1.33
     +++ identcpu.c     1997/12/04 14:35:38     1.35
      -107,6 +107,10 
        );
      }

     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +int has_f00f_bug = 0;
     +#endif
     +
      void
      printcpuinfo(void)
      {
      -136,6 +140,14 
                                break;
                        case 0x500:
                                strcat(cpu_model, "Pentium"); /* nb no space */
     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +                          /*
     +                           * XXX - If/when Intel fixes the bug, this
     +                           * should also check the version of the
     +                           * CPU, not just that it's a Pentium.
     +                           */
     +                          has_f00f_bug = 1;
     +#endif
                                break;
                        case 0x600:
                                strcat(cpu_model, "Pentium Pro");
     Index: machdep.c
     ===================================================================
     RCS file: /home/cvsup/freebsd/CVS/src/sys/i386/i386/machdep.c,v
     retrieving revision 1.274
     retrieving revision 1.278
     diff -u -r1.274 -r1.278
     --- machdep.c      1997/11/24 18:35:11     1.274
     +++ machdep.c      1997/12/04 21:21:24     1.278
      -866,6 +867,11 
      #endif /* VM86 */
      #endif

     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +struct gate_descriptor *t_idt;
     +extern int has_f00f_bug;
     +#endif
     +
      static struct i386tss dblfault_tss;
      static char dblfault_stack[PAGE_SIZE];

      -1533,6 +1539,40 
        proc0.p_addr->u_pcb.pcb_mpnest = 1;
        proc0.p_addr->u_pcb.pcb_ext = 0;
      }
     +
     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +void f00f_hack(void);
     +SYSINIT(f00f_hack, SI_SUB_INTRINSIC, SI_ORDER_FIRST, f00f_hack, NULL);
     +
     +void
     +f00f_hack(void) {
     +  struct region_descriptor r_idt;
     +  unsigned char *tmp;
     +  int i;
     +
     +  if (!has_f00f_bug)
     +          return;
     +
     +  printf("Intel Pentium F00F detected, installing workaround\n");
     +
     +  r_idt.rd_limit = sizeof(idt) - 1;
     +
     +  tmp = kmem_alloc(kernel_map, PAGE_SIZE * 2);
     +  if (tmp == 0)
     +          panic("kmem_alloc returned 0");
     +  if (((unsigned int)tmp & (PAGE_SIZE-1)) != 0)
     +          panic("kmem_alloc returned non-page-aligned memory");
     +  /* Put the first seven entries in the lower page */
     +  t_idt = (struct gate_descriptor*)(tmp + PAGE_SIZE - (7*8));
     +  bcopy(idt, t_idt, sizeof(idt));
     +  r_idt.rd_base = (int)t_idt;
     +  lidt(&r_idt);
     +  if (vm_map_protect(kernel_map, tmp, tmp + PAGE_SIZE,
     +                     VM_PROT_READ, FALSE) != KERN_SUCCESS)
     +          panic("vm_map_protect failed");
     +  return;
     +}
     +#endif /* defined(I586_CPU) && !NO_F00F_HACK */

      int
      ptrace_set_pc(p, addr)
     Index: trap.c
     ===================================================================
     RCS file: /home/cvsup/freebsd/CVS/src/sys/i386/i386/trap.c,v
     retrieving revision 1.115
     retrieving revision 1.118
     diff -u -r1.115 -r1.118
     --- trap.c 1997/11/24 13:25:37     1.115
     +++ trap.c 1997/12/04 21:21:26     1.118
      -142,6 +143,11 
      static void userret __P((struct proc *p, struct trapframe *frame,
                         u_quad_t oticks));

     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +extern struct gate_descriptor *t_idt;
     +extern int has_f00f_bug;
     +#endif
     +
      static inline void
      userret(p, frame, oticks)
        struct proc *p;
      -211,6 +217,9 
        u_long eva;
      #endif

     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +restart:
     +#endif
        type = frame.tf_trapno;
        code = frame.tf_err;

      -276,6 +285,10 
                        i = trap_pfault(&frame, TRUE);
                        if (i == -1)
                                return;
     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +                  if (i == -2)
     +                          goto restart;
     +#endif
                        if (i == 0)
                                goto out;

      -642,7 +655,18 
        if (va >= KERNBASE) {
                /*
                 * Don't allow user-mode faults in kernel address space.
     +           * An exception:  if the faulting address is the invalid
     +           * instruction entry in the IDT, then the Intel Pentium
     +           * F00F bug workaround was triggered, and we need to
     +           * treat it is as an illegal instruction, and not a page
     +           * fault.
                 */
     +#if defined(I586_CPU) && !defined(NO_F00F_HACK)
     +          if ((eva == (unsigned int)&t_idt[6]) && has_f00f_bug) {
     +                  frame->tf_trapno = T_PRIVINFLT;
     +                  return -2;
     +          }
     +#endif
                if (usermode)
                        goto nogo;


=============================================================================
FreeBSD, Inc.

Web Site:                       http://www.freebsd.org/
Confidential contacts:          security-officerfreebsd.org
PGP Key:                        ftp://freebsd.org/pub/CERT/public_key.asc
Security notifications:         security-notificationsfreebsd.org
Security public discussion:     securityfreebsd.org

Notice: Any patches in this document may not apply cleanly due to
        modifications caused by digital signature or mailer software.
        Please reference the URL listed at the top of this document
        for original copies of all patches if necessary.
=============================================================================

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