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From: Stefan Arentz (stefan.arentzsoze.com)
Date: Sun Jun 10 2001 - 12:53:40 CDT

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    Environment:

      Mac OS X 10.0.3 / Darwin 1.3.3
      Apache 1.3.14

      This is the the default setup, out of the box, with available
      software updates installed. Please note, this is OS X *Client*.

    Who is affected:

      Everybody who used Apache on Mac OS X Client with the following
      conditions:

        + Documents are on a HFS+ volume
        + Directory protection is used

    Summary:

      The preferred filesystem for Mac OS X is Apple's HFS+ and most
      setups use it. HFS+ is a case insensitive filesystem.

      Apache's directory protection (and other methods that depend on
      filesystem object names) cannot handle this and breaks. For example,
      both Directory and Location configuration options break.

      This is a real security risk because most people do not know this.
      It can easily be used to bypass protected directories.

    Description:

      Consider the following file:

        /Library/WebServer/Documents/test/index.html

      And the following configuration:

        <Location /test>
          Order deny,allow
          Deny from all
        </Location>

      Or, using a Directory option:

        <Directory /Library/WebServer/Documents/test>
          Order deny,allow
          Deny from all
        </Directory>

      The following request will result in a 403 Forbidden as excpected:

        GET /test/index.html

      But the following request will happily serve the file:

        GET /TeSt/index.html

    Solution:

      Using UFS solves this problem because it is case sensitive and
      it behaves as expected.

      Also, Mac OS X Server ships with a mod_hfs_apple.so Apache
      module that solves this problem. However, the module is only
      available as part of OS X Server, and not available as source
      or part of the Apache distribution.

    Preferred solution:

      Modification to Apache so that it does a check for the 'real'
      filename. This probably needs some support from the underlying
      operating system.

      Or Apple should submit their HFS+ patches to the Apache Software
      Foundation or install the mod_hfs_apple.so module on OS X Client.