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Opera Directory Traversal in Internal URI Protocol (Advisory)
From: S G Masood (sgmasoodyahoo.com)
Date: Wed Nov 12 2003 - 04:36:36 CST
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Opera Web Browser Directory Traversal in Internal URI Protocol
Opera Web Browser defines an internal URI Protocol like command called "opera:". Among other things, it is used to display documentation and help files for the browser. It has an input validation flaw that enables directory traversal.
This flaw is an aggravating factor when combined with other vulns. In this case, it can be combined with the "Opera Skinned" vulnerability that has been described in the attached file.
II VERSIONS AFFECTED:
All versions upto and inculding 7.21 that support the flawed command are vulnerable. Version 7.22 contains the fix.
III TECHNICAL DETAILS:
NOTE: It is assumed that Opera is installed in the default location i.e., "c:\program files\opera7" for the purpose of this description. However, a default install is *not* necessary for exploitation.
"Opera:" is an internal URI protocol-like command used by Opera. "Internal" because it is not registered as a URI protocol in the Windows Registry. One of its uses is to display documentation. For instance, to see help, "opera:/help/" is used. This points to the "C:\Program Files\Opera7\help" directory on the file system. The html files in this folder can be accessed through this relative URL, like, "opera:/help/foo.html". When a local path is requested through "opera:" in the form of a legal "opera:/help/" URL, it uses the service of the "file://" protocol. For instance, "opera:/help/" redirects the browser to "file://localhost/C:/Program Files/Opera7/Help/index.html".
"opera:history", "opera:plugins", "opera:cache" and "opera:drives" are other known uses for this command. Their function is self-explanatory. "about:" is an alias for "opera:". For instance, "about:history" translates to "opera:history".
The problem here is that though, using "../" for directory traversal in the opera: command is not allowed and Opera responds with an "illegal address" prompt, this can easily be bypassed using "..%5c" or "..%2f" to break out of the /help/ directory.
For instance, using "opera:/help/..%5c..%5c..%5cwinnt/notepad.exe" downloads "notepad.exe" from the "winnt" folder.
IV EXPLOITATION SCENARIOS & EXPLOIT:
Exploits that depend on knowing the installation path of Opera are helped by this vulnerability. The command "opera:/help/" always points to the "<opera directory>/help/" directory. This can be used as a reference point for exploits because of the directory traversal. For instance, "opera:/help/..%5c" points to the Opera Directory.
The exploit attached with the advisories uses this vulnerability for getting the correct path of the "<opera dir>/profile/" folder for exploitation.
V VENDOR RESPONSE & SOLUTION:
The vendor, Opera Software, deserves special mention here. I had previously read about Opera Soft's promptness in resolving security vulnerabilities in their products. My experience with them is one of the best I ever had with any vendor. I hope they continue to maintain their good record even with future security issues.
An updated version with a fix(7.22) is available from the site - http://www.opera.com/download/
This advisory is meant only for the dissemination of information, alerting the general public about a security issue. Use this information at your own discretion.
In brief, the author is not responsible for any use, misuse, abuse of this information. Also, this information is provided "as is" without any warranty of any kind.