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Apple QuickTime Player H.264 Codec Remote Integer Overflow

From: Piotr Bania (bania.piotrgmail.com)
Date: Tue Sep 12 2006 - 14:03:09 CDT

        Apple QuickTime Player H.264 Codec Remote Integer Overflow
        by Piotr Bania <bania.piotrgmail.com>
        All rights reserved.

        Severity: Critical - potencial remote code execution.

        CVE: CVE-2006-4386

        Orginal URL:

        Software affected: Tested on QucikTime 7.1 (Windows version), with
                                all newest add-ons.

                                Versions for Mac OS X v10.3.9 and later, Windows XP/2000
                                are also vulnerable.

        0. DISCLAIMER

        Author takes no responsibility for any actions with provided
informations or
        codes. The copyright for any material created by the author is
reserved. Any
        duplication of codes or texts provided here in electronic or printed
        publications is not permitted without the author's agreement.


        Apple QuickTime Player is one of the Apple QuickTime components
        used by hundreds of millions of users.


        Apple QuickTime Player is reported prone to remote integer overflow
         vulnerability (exploitable via remotely originated content).
The overflow
        occurs in the H.264 codec.

        Vulnerable code:

        6825a28f 668b4806 mov cx,[eax+0x6] ; cx = controled by
        6825a293 660fb6d5 movzx dx,ch ; dx = 0x00XX (XX - controled
by attacker)
        6825a297 8af1 mov dh,cl ; dx = 0xXXXX (-//-)
        6825a299 8bca mov ecx,edx ; ecx = edx
        6825a29b 6681f90001 cmp cx,0x100 ; compare cx with 0x100
        6825a2a0 7f3d jg QuickTimeH264!JVTCompComponentDispatch+0x917c
(6825a2df) ; (*1*)
        6825a2a2 0fbfd1 movsx edx,cx ; (*2*)
        6825a2a5 8bca mov ecx,edx
        6825a2a7 8bd9 mov ebx,ecx
        6825a2a9 c1e902 shr ecx,0x2
        6825a2ac 8d7008 lea esi,[eax+0x8]
        6825a2af 8d7c2418 lea edi,[esp+0x18]
        6825a2b3 f3a5 rep movsd ds:00fb8000=????????

        *1 - JG jumps, takes care of the sign so in this case we have an
security check for upper
             bounds, but when cx is a negative number this check is bypassed.
No lower bounds
             checks were applied - bad.

        *2 - Due to the bypass of the point *1 EDX is now CX extended by sign
(in this case its
             negative), EDX now looks like 0xFFFFXXXX, the integer is
overflowed and rep movsd
             causes an memory corruption (obvious fact is that ECX is related
to EDX).

        Debugger output:

        eax=00fb2028 ebx=ffffc9c9 ecx=3fffda7e edx=ffffc9c9 esi=00fb8000
        eip=6825a2b3 esp=0013b6a0 ebp=0013b8c4 iopl=0 nv up ei pl nz ac
po nc
        cs=001b ss=0023 ds=0023 es=0023 fs=0038 gs=0000
        *** ERROR: Symbol file could not be found. Defaulted to export symbols
for E:\Quicktime\QTSystem\QuickTimeH264.qtx -
        6825a2b3 f3a5 rep movsd ds:00fb8000=????????

        The vulnerability may lead to remote code execution when specially
        crafted video file (MOV file) is being loaded.

        III. POC CODE

        Due to severity of this bug i will not release any proof of concept
         codes for this issue.


        Check: http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=61798