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[Full-Disclosure] Potential denial of service bug in Cisco Pix Firewall IOS 6.2.2 a nd 6.3.(3.102)
Date: Fri Oct 03 2003 - 09:13:25 CDT
Users of Cisco Pix Firewalls may discover that their pool of NAT'ted IP
addresses is running out, and that a reboot or reload of the firewall clears
The problem is caused by the Firewall being swamped by incoming ICMP packets
on the global pool IP addresses. If these are not intercepted by a router
beforehand, the incoming echo requests (that are emanating from
Nachi/Welchia worm infected machines) are preventing the release of the
address translation. ie, the Pix is detecting the blocked traffic as
indication that the translation is still in use.
I believe that this bug also affects the recent security update version
6.3(3.102) detailed at
I have been unable (and unwilling) to test this, but given that a permanent
fix is being worked on it is undoubtedly the case.
For those who are unable to block incoming ICMP echo requests at their
router (for whatever reason), Cisco have sent me the following details:
"1- use PAT (a global pool with a single entry) this way although the xlate
will remain up but all your internal hosts will be multiplexed over this pat
address. single pat address can accomodate in theory 65535 connections.
however this might break un-PATable traffic
2- use statics for your important servers that need NAT (1 to 1 mapping)
3- also instead of rebooting the whole pix you can simply log into it and do
"clear xlate" this will clear all translations."
It should be pointed out that "2" is not a solution to this problem. The
others are not ideal either.
I have been informed that Cisco are aware of this and that a bug fix is
being worked on.
I am releasing this notification as there may well be system adminstrators
who are still suffering from this problem. Specifically the release of this
information cannot lead to any further attacks against systems that are
Unfortunately Cisco have not updated their information regarding mitigation
against the Nachi/Welchia worm at
The mitigation information only covers outgoing connections. I have asked
Cisco for a fix to for this twice, and at present I am still waiting for a
resolution to my second request.
Apologies for the evil Outlook word-wrapping, which may render URLs above
Please be kind to me. This is my first security vulnerability I've ever
John Airey, BSc (Jt Hons), CNA, RHCE
Internet systems support officer, ITCSD, Royal National Institute of the
Bakewell Road, Peterborough PE2 6XU,
Tel.: +44 (0) 1733 375299 Fax: +44 (0) 1733 370848 John.Aireyrnib.org.uk
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