OSEC

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Subject: IBM WebSphere JSP showcode vulnerability
From: stuart.mcclureFOUNDSTONE.COM
Date: Mon Jun 12 2000 - 00:23:25 CDT


                            Foundstone, Inc.
                       http://www.foundstone.com
                      "Securing the Dot Com World"

                           Security Advisory

                    IBM WebSphere Application Server

----------------------------------------------------------------------
FS Advisory ID: FS-061200-3-IBM

Release Date: June 12, 2000

Product: WebSphere Application Server

Vendor: IBM
                        http://www-4.ibm.com/software/webservers/
                        appserv/

Vendor Advisory: http://www-4.ibm.com/software/webservers/
                        appserv/efix.html

Type: JSP show code vulnerability

Severity: Low to Medium (depending on JSP coding
                        practices)

Author: Saumil Shah (saumil.shahfoundstone.com)
                        Stuart McClure (stuart.mcclurefoundstone.com)
                        Foundstone, Inc. (http://www.foundstone.com)

Operating Systems: Windows NT

Vulnerable versions: All version up to and including 3.0.2

Foundstone advisory: http://www.foundstone.com
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Description

        A show code vulnerability exists with IBM's WebSphere
        Application Server for NT allowing an attacker to view the
        source code of Java Server Pages (JSP) files.

Details

        The problem lies with the way WebSphere assigns handlers to
        specific file types. For example, files with the extensions
        .jsp are registered as Java Server Pages by WebSphere.

        WebSphere being case sensitive, interprets .jsp and .JSP to
        be two extensions. If a request for a .JSP file is made to
        WebSphere, it cannot find a handler for the .JSP extension
        and therefore, it uses the default handler, which is of
        type "text". Since the underlying file system is Windows NT,
        it does not differentiate between upper case and lower case
        filenames, and hence the requested file ends up being served
        up as plain text without being parsed or interpreted. On
        WebSphere running on Unix servers, it flags a "File not Found"
        error.

Proof of Concept

        Normally, JSP files are referred to in URLs using lower case
        extensions. For example:

        http://site.running.websphere/index.jsp

        By changing any letters in the extension (.jsp) to upper case,
        it is possible to obtain the unparsed source code of the JSP
        file. For the above example, the exploit would be to access
        the following URL:

        http://site.running.websphere/index.JSP

Solution

        Workaround

        none

        Fix

        An efix (APAR #: PQ38936) is available and will be posted at:
        http://www-4.ibm.com/software/webservers/appserv/efix.html

Credits
        We would like to thank Shreeraj Shah for drawing our attention
        to this vulnerability. We'd also like to thank IBM for their
        prompt and serious attention to this issue.

Disclaimer

        The information contained in this advisory is the copyright (C)
        2000 of Foundstone, Inc. and believed to be accurate at the time
        of printing, but no representation or warranty is given, express
        or implied, as to its accuracy or completeness. Neither the
        author nor the publisher accepts any liability whatsoever for
        any direct, indirect or conquential loss or damage arising in
        any way from any use of, or reliance placed on, this information
        for any purpose. This advisory may be redistributed provided that
        no fee is assigned and that the advisory is not modified in any
        way.