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From: Duane Dunston (ddunstonCAPEFEAR.CC.NC.US)
Date: Thu Jan 25 2001 - 10:37:53 CST
Borderware has upgraded the problem below to a bug and informed me that the pings can be stopped on-site by resetting the interfaces, which can be done from the Borderware client. Provided the exploit doesn't attempt to re-establish a connection when the network interface comes back up, this is a temporary fix until the problem is corrected.
Borderware firewall server v. 6.1.2
Unsure if it affects lower versions of the Borderware Firewall Server.
Sending a ping to the broadcast on the network causes Borderware's ping server to continously send echo request to the entire network. It is possible that a Denial-of-Service attack (smurf attack) can be executed on the network using freely available exloit code. This can occur externally if broadcast packets aren't dropped at the router or on the local network if other machines aren't configured to deny directed broadcasts.
This will not affect networks behind the Borderware Firewall but it will affect machines on the same network as the Borderware's public interface.
Reproducing the exploit:
ping xxx.xxx.xxx.255 or ping xxx.xxx.xxx.0/24 (the -f switch will perform a ping flood, see the ping man page for more info)
There are freely available smurf attack exploits available on the internet as well (run a search for "smurf attack" at packetstorm.securify.com)
Reset the interfaces via the borderware client. Provided the exploit doesn't attempt to re-establish a connection when the network interface comes back up, this is a temporary fix.
For machines on the network that are responding to the broadcasts running Linux, you can add "1" to the /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts file:
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts
or add it to your /etc/sysctl.conf file (recommended):
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1
# sysctl -w (to update the change)
On a cisco router this line will prevent replies to a directed broadcast:
deny ip any 0.0.0.255 255.255.255.0 (Taken from http://www.sans.org/infosecFAQ/firewall/perimeter_filter.htm)
Related info on Smurf Attacks:
Unix Technical Specialist
Cape Fear Community College
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