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Win2k Security Advice Archives: Re: Hotmail security hole - inj

Re: Hotmail security hole - injecting JavaScript using <IMG LOWSR C="javascript:....">


Subject: Re: Hotmail security hole - injecting JavaScript using
From: Microsoft Product Security Response Team (secureMICROSOFT.COM)
Date: Mon Jan 03 2000 - 20:41:54 CST


Hi All -

Wanted to let you know that we have developed a fix that eliminates this
vulnerability, and have deployed it to all Hotmail servers. We're very
sorry for any inconvenience this may have caused. Regards,

Securemicrosoft.com

-----Original Message-----
From: Georgi Guninski [mailto:joroNAT.BG]
Sent: Monday, January 03, 2000 5:40 AM
To: win2ksecadviceLISTSERV.NTSECURITY.NET
Subject: Hotmail security hole - injecting JavaScript using <IMG
LOWSRC="javascript:....">

Georgi Guninski security advisory #1, 2000

Hotmail security hole - injecting JavaScript using <IMG
LOWSRC="javascript:....">

Disclaimer:
The opinions expressed in this advisory and program are my own and not
of any company.
The usual standard disclaimer applies, especially the fact that Georgi
Guninski is not liable for any damages caused by direct or indirect use
of the information or functionality provided by this program.
Georgi Guninski, bears NO responsibility for content or misuse of this
program or any derivatives thereof.

Description:
Hotmail allows executing JavaScript code in email messages using <IMG
LOWSRC="javascript:....">,
which may compromise user's Hotmail mailbox.

Details:
There is a major security flaw in Hotmail which allows injecting and
executing JavaScript code in an email message using the javascript
protocol.
This exploit works both on Internet Explorer 5.x (almost sure IE 4.x)
and Netscape Communicator 4.x.
Hotmail filters the "javascript:" protocol for security reasons.
But the following JavaScript is executed: <IMG
LOWSRC="javascript:alert('Javascript is executed')"> if the user has
enabled automatically loading of images (most users have).

Executing JavaScript when the user opens Hotmail email message allows
for example
displaying a fake login screen where the user enters his password which
is then stolen.
I don't want to make a scary demonstration, but it is also possible to
read user's
messages, to send messages from user's name and doing other mischief.
It is also possible to get the cookie from Hotmail, which is dangerous.
Hotmail deliberately escapes all JavaScript (it can escape) to prevent
such attacks, but obviously there are holes.
It is much easier to exploit this vulnerability if the user uses
Internet Explorer 5.x

Workaround: Disable JavaScript

The code that must be included in HTML email message is:
--------------------------------------------------------
<IMG LOWSRC="javascript:alert('Javascript is executed')">
--------------------------------------------------------

Regards,
Georgi Guninski
http://www.nat.bg/~joro

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